Personality Traits

The Traits-and-Factor Theories

•Characteristics that an individual possessed that can be measured with tests.
•These characteristics are constant and independent of particular situations.
By measuring the individual’s personal traits, you are able to predict their vocational choice.

•Characteristics required to perform well at work.
•Statistical approach capable of differentiating characteristics belonging to a certain group.
•Each occupation has  specific  factors that need to be met.


A)  Aptitudes

B)  Interests

C)  Value

D)  Personality


Personality Types

Extraversion (E) and Introversion (I) - This pair refers to your "source of energy". Extraverts are energized by being around other people, while Introverts need time alone to recharge their batteries and can be drained by too much time spent among many others.

Sensing (S) and Intuition (N) - This pair refers to how you take in information about the world. Sensing people focus on information coming directly from their senses while Intuitives get information more from within their own imaginations.

Thinking (T) and Feeling (F) - This pair refers to how you make decisions. Thinkers decide more through careful consideration, while Feelers make decisions based more on emotions.

Judging (J) and Perceiving (P) - This pair refers to how we like our world structured. Judging people like a great deal of structure in their lives, while Perceivers are more flexible and are better able to handle spontaneity and change.

Source: Faculty of Education, Additional Qualifications, Module 02,Part 01 by André Samson Ph.D., c.o. (PPT)


Related Link:

Related Link:
Traits of Human Consciousness by Roy Posner (

Counselling Issues (

The Big Five Personality Traits in Psychology by Laurie Pawlik-Kienlen (

What is Counselling? (